PMID: 5414099Jan 1, 1970

One cell-one immunoglobulin. Origin of limited heterogeneity of myeloma proteins

The Biochemical Journal
Z L AwdehB A Askonas


Plasma-cell tumour 5563 forms a single molecular species of immunoglobulin IgG(2)a, i.e. one variant of heavy chain and one variant of light chain. The molecules formed are labile and undergo alterations in charge properties, which rapidly lead to heterogeneity of the myeloma protein after synthesis. The single immunoglobulin species originally formed is found only after the shortest time-intervals tested, i.e. 10min incubation. Two types of changes in charge properties take place: (1) The originally formed protein (component o) is converted via an intermediate o' into the most basic form of 5563 myeloma protein found in serum (component a). Charge differences between these components are suppressed at pH8.9, but can be studied by chromatography at pH6.5 or by analysis of isoelectric points by isoelectric focusing in polyacrylamide gel. The conversion of components o and o' into component a apparently commences soon after assembly of the molecules and proceeds to completion extracellularly. (2) The second type of charge difference that distinguishes components a, b, c and d is exhibited over the pH range 6.0-8.9, but not at acid pH, and has been studied by electrophoresis at pH8.9, by chromatography and by isoelectric focusing....Continue Reading


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