One Model to Rule Them All: An Integrative Approach to Matrix-Based Analyses in Neuroimaging Connectomics

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Gang ChenLuiz Pessoa

Abstract

Network modeling in neuroimaging holds promise in probing the interrelationships among brain regions and potential clinical applications. Two types of matrix-based analysis (MBA) are usually seen in neuroimaging connectomics: one is the functional attribute matrix (FAM) of, for example, correlations, that measures the similarity of BOLD response patterns among a list of predefined regions of interest (ROIs). Another type of MBA involves the structural attribute matrix (SAM), e.g., describing the properties of white matter between any pair of gray-matter regions such as fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, axial and radial diffusivity. There are different methods that have been developed or adopted to summarize such matrices across subjects, including general linear models (GLMs) and various versions of graph theoretic analysis. We argue that these types of modeling strategies tend to be "inefficient" in statistical inferences and have many pitfalls, such as having strong dependence on arbitrary thresholding under conventional statistical frameworks. Here we offer an alternative approach that integrates the analyses of all the regions, region pairs (RPs) and subjects into one framework, called Bayesian multilevel (BML) model...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Gray Matter
Theoretical Study
Research Subject
Patterns
Molecular Modeling
Paired protein, Drosophila
Structure
Neuroimaging
White Matter
Region of Interest

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