Sep 1, 1989

Only dull CD3+ thymocytes bind to thymic epithelial cells. The binding is elicited by both CD2/LFA-3 and LFA-1/ICAM-1 interactions

European Journal of Immunology
S NonoyamaJ Yata


In view of the necessity for thymocytes to interact with thymic epithelial cells to differentiate into mature T cells, this study analyzed the binding between human thymocytes, cultured thymic epithelial cells (CTEC) and the required adhesion molecules. Immediately after separation, thymic epithelial cells (TEC) readily expressed ICAM-1, which is one of the ligands of LFA-1 cell adhesion molecules. However, the ICAM-1 expression was gradually lost upon culture of TEC. IFN-gamma re-induced ICAM-1 on the CTEC, and the ability of CTEC to bind to thymocytes was also increased by IFN-gamma treatment. The increase in binding seemed to be caused by the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction, since it was inhibited by anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) and anti-LFA-1 mAb. This suggests that the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction is also involved in vivo with the binding of thymocytes to TEC, which have been shown to express ICAM-1. To better understand the nature of the cells involved in binding, thymocytes were sorted into CD3-, CD3dull+, and CD3bright+ subsets (which are supposed to represent the immature, intermediate and mature stages of differentiation, respectively), and were examined for their binding to IFN-gamma-treated CTEC. The result showed tha...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Flow Cytometry
ITGB2 wt Allele
CD2 Antigens
Peripheral Blood
anti-LFA-1 monoclonal antibody
ITGB2 gene
T6 Antigens

Related Feeds

Adhesion Molecules in Health and Disease

Cell adhesion molecules are a subset of cell adhesion proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cell adhesion molecules help cells stick to each other and to their surroundings. Cell adhesion is a crucial component in maintaining tissue structure and function. Discover the latest research on adhesion molecule and their role in health and disease here.