Sep 1, 1989

Only dull CD3+ thymocytes bind to thymic epithelial cells. The binding is elicited by both CD2/LFA-3 and LFA-1/ICAM-1 interactions

European Journal of Immunology
S NonoyamaJ Yata

Abstract

In view of the necessity for thymocytes to interact with thymic epithelial cells to differentiate into mature T cells, this study analyzed the binding between human thymocytes, cultured thymic epithelial cells (CTEC) and the required adhesion molecules. Immediately after separation, thymic epithelial cells (TEC) readily expressed ICAM-1, which is one of the ligands of LFA-1 cell adhesion molecules. However, the ICAM-1 expression was gradually lost upon culture of TEC. IFN-gamma re-induced ICAM-1 on the CTEC, and the ability of CTEC to bind to thymocytes was also increased by IFN-gamma treatment. The increase in binding seemed to be caused by the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction, since it was inhibited by anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) and anti-LFA-1 mAb. This suggests that the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction is also involved in vivo with the binding of thymocytes to TEC, which have been shown to express ICAM-1. To better understand the nature of the cells involved in binding, thymocytes were sorted into CD3-, CD3dull+, and CD3bright+ subsets (which are supposed to represent the immature, intermediate and mature stages of differentiation, respectively), and were examined for their binding to IFN-gamma-treated CTEC. The result showed tha...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Flow Cytometry
ITGB2 wt Allele
T-Lymphocyte
IFNG
CD2 Antigens
Peripheral Blood
anti-LFA-1 monoclonal antibody
ITGB2 gene
T6 Antigens

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