PMID: 7055683Jan 14, 1982

Operant conditioning of single unit activity in parietal cortex

Brain Research
T D SteegeA R Wyler


Two rhesus monkeys were trained to control firing patterns of single neurons in parietal cortex (areas 1, 2, 3, 5, 7) using an operant task previously applied to the study of precentral units. Twenty-four of 56 (43%) postcentral cells were controlled in contrast to 71 of 136 (52%) precentral units from these and 4 other rhesus monkeys. In addition, monkeys were able to drive precentral units to more sustained tonic firing rates than they could parietal units. An analysis of interspike interval (ISI) distributions showed that, in contrast to precentral units with modal ISIs of 25-50 ms, 50% of parietal units have modal ISIs of 2 ms. Such short ISIs may account for fewer postcentral units reaching control criteria for this particular operant task. Other factors that may contribute to the reduced control of postcentral cells are discussed, particularly the more complex afferent connections to parietal units when compared to precentral pyramidal tract neurons. The data indirectly support conclusions from previous studies that imply that operant control of cortical units is peripherally mediated and does not primarily involve a 'central' or 'open loop' system.


Jul 1, 1991·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·R RadiE Prodanov

Related Concepts

Nerve Impulses
Conditioning (Psychology)
Electric Stimulation Technique
Macaca mulatta
Parietal Lobe
Physical Stimulation
Touch Sensation

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.