Ophthalmologic manifestations of internal carotid artery dissection

American Journal of Ophthalmology
V BiousseM G Bousser

Abstract

To report the ophthalmologic symptoms and signs associated with extracranial internal carotid artery dissection. One hundred forty-six consecutive patients with extracranial internal carotid artery dissection were evaluted; 29 were studied retrospectively from 1972 to 1984 and 117 prospectively from 1985 to 1997. Sixty-two percent of patients (91/146) with extracranial internal carotid artery dissection had ophthalmologic symptoms or signs that were the presenting symptoms or signs of dissection in 52% (76/146). Forty-four percent (65/146) had painful Horner syndrome, which remained isolated in half the cases (32/65). Twenty-eight percent (41/146) had transient monocular visual loss, which was painful in 31 cases, associated with Horner syndrome in 13 cases, and described as "scintillations" or "flashing lights"-often related to postural changes or exposure to bright lights-suggesting acute choroidal hypoperfusion in 23 cases. Four patients had ischemic optic neuropathy; one had diplopia. Among the 76 patients with ophthalmologic symptoms or signs as the presenting features of carotid dissection, a nonreversible ocular or hemispheric stroke later occurred in 27, within a mean of 6.2 days (range, 1 hour to 31 days). Eighteen pat...Continue Reading

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