Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peatlands

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
D MurdiyarsoL V Verchot

Abstract

The upcoming global mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries should include and prioritize tropical peatlands. Forested tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia are rapidly being converted into production systems by introducing perennial crops for lucrative agribusiness, such as oil-palm and pulpwood plantations, causing large greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Guidelines for GHG Inventory on Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Uses provide an adequate framework for emissions inventories in these ecosystems; however, specific emission factors are needed for more accurate and cost-effective monitoring. The emissions are governed by complex biophysical processes, such as peat decomposition and compaction, nutrient availability, soil water content, and water table level, all of which are affected by management practices. We estimate that total carbon loss from converting peat swamp forests into oil palm is 59.4 ± 10.2 Mg of CO(2) per hectare per year during the first 25 y after land-use cover change, of which 61.6% arise from the peat. Of the total amount (1,486 ± 183 Mg of CO(2) per hectare over 25 y), 25% are released immediately f...Continue Reading

References

Feb 9, 2008·Science·Joseph FargionePeter Hawthorne
Dec 2, 2008·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Finn DanielsenEmily B Fitzherbert
Dec 17, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·G R van der WerfR S DeFries
May 1, 1991·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Eville Gorham

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Mar 9, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Lian Pin KohJaboury Ghazoul
Apr 24, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kimberly M CarlsonHermann O Rodrigues
Nov 11, 2011·Carbon Balance and Management·John N WilliamsLouise E Jackson
Nov 18, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·R DeFries, C Rosenzweig
Jul 29, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Oliver van StraatenEdzo Veldkamp
Aug 11, 2015·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Elizabeth A LawKerrie A Wilson
May 6, 2014·Environmental Management·Elham Sumarga, Lars Hein
Jun 19, 2013·Global Change Biology·Takashi HiranoMitsuru Osaki
Jun 30, 2015·The Journal of Ecology·Lydia E S ColeKatherine J Willis
Jul 22, 2014·Global Change Biology·Sofyan KurniantoSteve Frolking
Aug 12, 2016·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Claudia DislichKerstin Wiegand
Nov 26, 2010·Carbon Balance and Management·Gary D PaoliLaura D'Arcy
Apr 25, 2019·Nature Communications·Ronald C EstoqueYuji Murayama
Jan 1, 2017·Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change·Matthew WarrenSofyan Kurnianto
Nov 21, 2018·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Elizabeth B WigginsLiya E Yu
Nov 20, 2020·The Science of the Total Environment·Zu Dienle TanLahiru S Wijedasa

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Lian Pin KohJaboury Ghazoul
Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Finn DanielsenEmily B Fitzherbert
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Lian Pin Koh, Jaboury Ghazoul
Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Emily B FitzherbertBen Phalan
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved