PMID: 6195175Aug 1, 1983Paper

Optimal conditions for titration of SV40 by the plaque assay method

Journal of Virological Methods
J L Fendrick, L M Hallick


The parameters of the Simian Virus 40 (SV40) plaque assay on African green monkey kidney cells were optimized for reproducibility and maximum plaquing efficiency. Plaques were visible as early as 8 days postinfection; maximum titers were obtained with a 10- to 11-day incubation period. Titers read 12-16 days postinfection were not significantly higher than those observed after 10-11 days. Adsorption volumes greater than 0.1 ml/60 mm Petri dish decreased plaque forming units (PFUs) detected. Times greater than 60 min for adsorption of virus to the cell monolayer did not significantly increase the titer; adsorption times less than 60 min resulted in decreased titers. Under standard conditions, 3 ml of overlay medium containing 0.8% agar was applied following virus adsorption and again on days 5 and 10. Concentrations of fetal calf serum (FCS) in the overlay medium of 2.5 to 7.5% gave equal plaque formation. FCS concentrations of 1 and 10% resulted in slightly decreased and increased plaquing efficiencies respectively. Of the reagents tested, agar or agarose containing overlay media produced plaques of maximum number and size. An overlay of methyl cellulose resulted in the same number of plaques, but their size was reduced by appr...Continue Reading


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