Optimization of Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Total Alkaloids, Peimisine, Peimine and Peiminine from the Bulb of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq, and Evaluation of Antioxidant Activities of the Extracts

Materials
Xiao RuanQiang Wang

Abstract

Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) was used to extract total alkaloids, peimisine, peimine and peiminine from the bulb of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq. The antioxidant capacity of the extracts was evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging activity (DPPH-RSA), ABTS radical scavenging activity (ABTS-RSA) and ferric reducing capacity (FRAP) assay. A central composite design (CCD) with four variables and five levels was employed for optimization of process parameters, and response surface plots were constructed in accordance with a second order polynomial model. Under optimal conditions of 3.0 h, 60.4 °C, 26.5 MPa and 89.3% ethanol, the highest yields were predicted to be 3.8 mg/g for total alkaloids, 0.5 mg/g for peimisine, 1.3 mg/g for peimine and 1.3 mg/g for peiminine, and the antioxidant capacity of extracts displayed EC50, DPPH value of 5.5 mg/mL, EC50, ABTS value of 0.3 mg/mL and FRAP value of 118.2 mg ascorbic acid equivalent (AAE)/100 g.

References

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Citations

Mar 28, 2018·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Li YangQiang Wang
Apr 17, 2019·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Hong LiAngela Wei Hong Yang
May 25, 2021·Food and Chemical Toxicology : an International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association·Shivraj Hariram NileGuoyin Kai
May 10, 2019·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Kui-Shan WenQiang Wang

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