Nov 22, 2019

Optimized nonionic emulsifier for the efficient delivery of astaxanthin nanodispersions to retina: in vivo and ex vivo evaluations

Drug Delivery
Lei XuYe Tao


Astaxanthin (AST) is a naturally occurring carotenoid with potent anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory potency against chronic diseases. In this study, we suspended AST in different nonionic emulsifiers to produce nanodispersions. The basic physicochemical properties of the produced AST nanodispersions were verified to select the optimized nonionic emulsifier. Among the tested emulsifiers, Polysorbate 20 produced the AST nanoemulsions with smaller particle diameters, narrower size distributions, and higher AST contents among these emulsifiers. The N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) administered mouse is a chemically induced retinal degeneration (RD) model with rapid progress rate. AST suspended in Polysorbate 20 was demonstrated to ameliorate the dramatic consequences of MNU on retina architectures and function in several different tests encompassing from electrophysiology to histology and molecular tests. Furthermore, the multi-electrodes array (MEA) was used to detect the firing activities of retinal ganglion cells within the inner retinal circuits. We found that AST nanodispersions could restrain the spontaneous firing response, enhance the light induced firing response, and preserve the basic configurations of visual signal pathw...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Laboratory Procedures
Retinal Drusen
Chronic Disease

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