Nov 22, 2019

Optimized nonionic emulsifier for the efficient delivery of astaxanthin nanodispersions to retina: in vivo and ex vivo evaluations

Drug Delivery
Lei XuYe Tao

Abstract

Astaxanthin (AST) is a naturally occurring carotenoid with potent anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory potency against chronic diseases. In this study, we suspended AST in different nonionic emulsifiers to produce nanodispersions. The basic physicochemical properties of the produced AST nanodispersions were verified to select the optimized nonionic emulsifier. Among the tested emulsifiers, Polysorbate 20 produced the AST nanoemulsions with smaller particle diameters, narrower size distributions, and higher AST contents among these emulsifiers. The N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) administered mouse is a chemically induced retinal degeneration (RD) model with rapid progress rate. AST suspended in Polysorbate 20 was demonstrated to ameliorate the dramatic consequences of MNU on retina architectures and function in several different tests encompassing from electrophysiology to histology and molecular tests. Furthermore, the multi-electrodes array (MEA) was used to detect the firing activities of retinal ganglion cells within the inner retinal circuits. We found that AST nanodispersions could restrain the spontaneous firing response, enhance the light induced firing response, and preserve the basic configurations of visual signal pathw...Continue Reading

  • References65
  • Citations
  • References65
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Size
Laboratory Procedures
Carotenoids
Retinal Drusen
Antioxidants
Chronic Disease
Evaluation
Astaxanthin

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.