Oral and dental manifestations in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients receiving hemodialysis

Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
Shu-Fen ChuangSu-Yuan Lee

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the dental condition and oral manifestations in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients undergoing hemodialysis. A total of 128 patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy were classified into the diabetic and nondiabetic groups and examined for uremic oral manifestations, dental caries, and the periodontal status. All the patients received predialytic salivary pH examination. In the diabetic group, the correlation between oral findings and glycemic controlled levels, which was collected based on Hb A1C values, were further studied. The diabetic group exhibited significantly higher prevalence of caries and more severe dry mouth, taste change, and mucosa pain than the nondiabetic group. The diabetic group tended to have lower predialytic salivary pH, and patients with poor glycemic control (ie, Hb A1C > 9%) showed higher incidence of dry mouth, mucosal pain, and tongue coating. However, the DMFT and CPI index were not associated with glycemic control in the diabetic group. This study reveals that diabetic uremic patients undergoing maintained hemodialysis exhibited a potentially higher risk for dental decay and xerostomia. Lower salivary pH and poor glycemic control may affect oral manifestatio...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Carious Dentin
Nodular Glomerulosclerosis
Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth
Hemodialysis
Hb A1a-2
Alveolar Pyorrhea
Bleeding on Probing, Gingival
Oral Mucositis
Taste, Metallic
Uremia

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