Oral and salivary changes among renal patients undergoing hemodialysis: A cross-sectional study

Indian Journal of Nephrology
A KaushikN Rakesh

Abstract

We wanted to assess oral and salivary changes in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and to understand the correlation of such changes with renal insufficiency. The cross-sectional study was performed among 100 ESRD patients undergoing HD. Among these, 25 patients were randomly selected to assess the salivary changes and compared with 25 apparently healthy individuals who formed the control group. Total duration of the study was 15 months. Oral malodor, dry mouth, taste change, increased caries incidence, calculus formation, and gingival bleeding were the common oral manifestations. The flow rates of both unstimulated as well as stimulated whole saliva were decreased in the study group. The pH and buffer capacity of unstimulated whole saliva was increased in the study group, but stimulated whole saliva did not show any difference. ESRD patients undergoing HD require special considerations during dental treatment because of the various conditions inherent to the disease, their multiple oral manifestations and the treatment side-effects.

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Citations

May 13, 2014·International Journal of Nephrology·Ramesh VenkatapathyKarthikshree V Prashad
Sep 25, 2017·Special Care in Dentistry : Official Publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry·Jéssica Antoniana Lira E SilvaSérgio d'Ávila
Jan 2, 2019·Journal of Medical Biochemistry·Medine AlpdemirDoğan Yücel
Jun 13, 2015·The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice·Elijah Olufemi OyetolaOlufunlola M Adesina
Mar 22, 2021·Lasers in Medical Science·Vanessa Christina Santos PavesiAlessandro Melo Deana

Related Concepts

Cross-Sectional Studies
Dental Procedures
Dental Caries
Hemodialysis
Hemorrhage
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Saliva
Urologic Diseases
Evaluation
Oral Cavity

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