PMID: 109186May 1, 1979

Oral feedings in the cancer patient

Cancer
S N Aker

Abstract

The importance of maintaining the cancer patient's nutritional status is now recognized as a major part of the medical care. It is necessary for the oncology team to be aware of the psychological and physiological factors that interfere with food acceptance so that the correct food can be offered at the right time in the most palatable form. The oral route is the preferred method of feeding, and nutritional supplements, chosen according to the individual patient's needs, are of great value in assuring an adequate oral intake. Diagnostic tests and therapy are frequent causes of disruption of the meal schedule and the dietary service must be flexible in providing the patient an opportunity to make up for missed meals. Taste disturbance, nausea, vomiting and mucositis caused by therapy may necessitate periods of intravenous hyperalimentation. Food aversions due to therapy can frequently be prevented by avoiding new or unusual foods in the hours before chemotherapy or irradiation. Regular nutrition counseling during clinic visits and/or hospitalization permits diet modification for specific therapeutic needs. The ultimate goal is the prevention of wasting and debilitation due to malnutrition in the cancer patient.

References

Apr 17, 1975·The New England Journal of Medicine·E ThomasC D Buckner
Feb 1, 1977·Cancer·M RotmanN Heskel

Citations

Mar 1, 1987·International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics·M K BeitlerM L Hutchinson
Aug 1, 1993·Clinical Nutrition : Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·A BibbingtonM Jones
Jan 27, 2006·European Journal of Oncology Nursing : the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society·Paula Ravasco
Jul 1, 1982·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·K BaraleC S Martinsen
May 1, 1981·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·G W ClemansC L Cheney
May 1, 1984·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·S S Donaldson

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Dietary Services
Ingestion
Food, Fortified
Malignant Neoplasms
Nutrition Phenomena
Malnutrition
Parenteral Nutrition, Total
Bone Marrow Cell Transplantation

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