Oral health and caries related microflora in children during the first three months following renal transplantation

International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
A Al NowaiserRichard S Trompeter

Abstract

There is little information on the oral health of children undergoing renal transplantation during the early transplant period. Twenty-four children undergoing renal transplantation aged 4-13.2 years and their matched controls were recruited. The dmfs, dmft, DMFS and DMFT, plaque, gingivitis and gingival enlargement scores were recorded. The oral microflora was sampled and cultured for S. mutans, Lactobacllus species and Candida species. There was a significantly lower mean dmfs (0.3 +/- 0.9; P = 0.03), dmft (0.3 +/- 0.9; P = 0.03), DMFS (2.3 +/- 5.3; P = 0.01) and DMFT (1.5 +/- 2.6; P = 0.02), respectively, in the transplant group. There was a significantly greater mean plaque score (14.7 +/- 11) for the permanent dentition, at baseline only, compared with 90 days post-transplantation (9.4 +/- 10.4; P = 0.02). There was a significantly greater gingival enlargement score (1.8 +/- 1.4; P = 0.04) 90 days post-transplantation compared with baseline. The S. mutans and Lactobacillus counts were significantly lower both at baseline (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.004) and 90 days post-transplantation (P = 0.02; and P = 0.05), respectively, compared with the controls. The transplant children had less active dental disease than the controls alth...Continue Reading

References

Jul 1, 1979·Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology·M H Chow, D S Peterson
Apr 1, 1979·Journal of Periodontology·H I OshrainI D Mandel
Jan 1, 1992·Journal of Clinical Periodontology·R A Seymour, D J Jacobs
Dec 1, 1991·Journal of Medical Microbiology·D BeightonR A Whiley
Jan 1, 1989·Caries Research·P Cleaton-JonesE S Grossman
Mar 1, 1985·Journal of Periodontal Research·T Tollefsen, J R Johansen
Dec 1, 1987·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·J L Perry, G R Miller
Jan 11, 1986·British Dental Journal·E C JaffeJ E Carter
Oct 1, 1986·Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology·T D DaleyC Day
Nov 1, 1973·Archives of Oral Biology·O G GoldJ Van Houte
Mar 1, 1973·Journal of Periodontology·P D SchullerD W Lewis
Dec 1, 1984·Journal of Periodontology·T D Daley, G P Wysocki
Feb 1, 1982·The Journal of the American Dental Association·S B Sowell
May 1, 1994·Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society·G P Jacobson
Oct 1, 1993·Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research·Biniyam WondimuT Modéer
Jan 1, 1993·Journal of Clinical Periodontology·J Mark ThomasonN Rice
Dec 1, 1995·International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry·L Y LowryJ R Hamilton
Feb 9, 2000·Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN·E David-NetoL E Ianhez
Sep 7, 2000·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·J H NunnM G Coulthard
Dec 19, 2002·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·Abeer Al-NowaiserVictoria S Lucas

Citations

Jun 11, 2005·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·Victoria S Lucas, Graham J Roberts
May 17, 2006·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·Pierre FargePierre Cochat
Sep 21, 2005·Journal of Periodontology·L C SpolidorioMarcelo Nicolás Muscará
Sep 10, 2011·Transplant International : Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation·Dirk ZiebolzRainer F Mausberg
Feb 16, 2020·British Dental Journal·M O Gruter, H S Brand

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Pediatric Transplantation
Franziska AnsariWilli-Eckhard Wetzel
Clinical Oral Investigations
Renata Gonçalves ResendeMauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães Abreu
Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Jeffrey D SuhVishad Nabili
Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
Anita NolanJ Mark Thomason
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved