PMID: 325458Jun 1, 1977Paper

Oral infection in immunosuppressed renal transplant patients

Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology
M S Greenberg, G Cohen

Abstract

The most common cause of death in patients taking immunosuppressive (IS) drugs is infection. Many of the microorganisms which infect these IS patients may be found in the mouth, but the mouth has not been investigated as a potential source of lethal infection. In view of this, we studied twenty-seven IS patients taking Imuran and prednisone for 6 to 61 weeks and eighteen normal controls. The patients were followed monthly, and the incidence of oral and systemic complications was recorded. There were no deaths due to infection during the 10-month study period. Oral infection occurred as frequently as pneumonia or urinary tract infection. Systemic factors which were related to the development of dental infection were lymphocyte count and length of time on immunosuppressive drug therapy.

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