Oral iron supplementation for preventing or treating anaemia among children in malaria-endemic areas

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Juliana U OjukwuMical Paul

Abstract

Iron-deficiency anaemia is common during childhood. Iron supplementation has been claimed to increase the risk of malaria. To assess the effect of iron on malaria and deaths. We searched The Cochrane Library (2009, issue 1); MEDLINE; EMBASE; LILACS and metaRegister of Controlled Trials, all up to March 2009. We scanned references of included trials. Individually and cluster-randomized controlled trials conducted in hypoendemic to holoendemic malaria regions and including children < 18 years. We included trials comparing orally administered iron with or without folic acid vs. placebo or no treatment. Iron fortification was excluded. Antimalarials and/or antiparasitics could be administered to either group. Additional micronutrients could only be administered equally to both groups. The primary outcomes were malaria-related events and deaths. Secondary outcomes included haemoglobin, anaemia, other infections, growth, hospitalizations, and clinic visits. We assessed risk of bias using domain-based evaluation. Two authors independently selected studies and extracted data. We contacted authors for missing data. We assessed heterogeneity. We performed fixed-effect meta-analysis and presented random-effects results when heterogeneity ...Continue Reading

Citations

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Related Concepts

Antimalarials
Iron
Malaria
Parasitemia
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Endemic Diseases
Nutraceuticals
Anemia
Antimalarials
Clinical Trials

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