PMID: 8841310Sep 1, 1996Paper

Orbital infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection

Ophthalmology
J W KronishK R Scott

Abstract

Opportunistic infections frequently involve the anterior and posterior segments of the eye but rarely occur in the orbit in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The authors managed eight patients with HIV and unilateral orbital infections who presented between July 1988 and March 1995. Records of the patients were reviewed. A literature review of orbital infections in patients infected with HIV also was conducted. There were five men and three women, with a mean age of 33.8 years. The mean CD-4 cell count from five of the eight patients was 18.4 cells/mm3. Invasive aspergillosis was the most common orbital infection occurring in four patients, all of whom had contiguous sinus involvement and intracranial extension. Orbital cellulitis with subperiosteal abscesses secondary to ethmoiditis caused by Propionibacterium acnes and Pseudomonas aeruginosa developed in two patients. Orbital cellulitis and panophthalmitis secondary to Staphylococcus aureus endogenous endophthalmitis developed in one patient, and one patient had presumed syphilitic optic neuritis, orbital periostitis, and necrotizing vasculitis. Five patients had permanent visual loss, including four who had loss of light perception. Four patients di...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Antibiotics
Ocular Orbit
Orbit (Eye Disorders)
Tomography, X-Ray Computerized Axial
Visual Acuity
Eye Infections
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
CD4 Count Determination Procedure

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Aspergillosis is the name given to a wide variety of diseases caused by infection by fungi of the genus Aspergillus. Aspergillosis occurs in chronic or acute forms which are clinically very distinct. Most cases of acute aspergillosis occur in patients with severely compromised immune systems. Chronic colonization or infection can cause complications in people with underlying respiratory illnesses. Discover the latest research on aspergillosis here.

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Aspergillosis is the name given to a wide variety of diseases caused by infection by fungi of the genus Aspergillus. Aspergillosis occurs in chronic or acute forms which are clinically very distinct. Most cases of acute aspergillosis occur in patients with severely compromised immune systems. Chronic colonization or infection can cause complications in people with underlying respiratory illnesses. Discover the latest research on aspergillosis here.

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