Organ-specific gene expressions in C57BL/6 mice after exposure to low-dose radiation

Radiation Research
Woo-Jung LeeYun-Sil Lee


The possibility that radiation-induced alterations in gene expression are tissue specific and are related to apoptosis was examined using samples from brain, heart, lung, spleen and intestine from female C57BL6 mice after exposure to 0.2 Gy radiation. Apoptosis was the highest in spleen and intestine, moderate in lung, and absent in brain and heart. However, the mRNA expression of Trp53 and Cdkn1a (p21) after irradiation was not different among the organ types, and immunohistochemistry revealed that all the organs expressed these two proteins after irradiation. When expression patterns of 23 genes in the organs were examined by RT-PCR, neogenine, Apo1, nuclease sensitive element binding protein 1, syntaxin, cyclin G1, hNOP56, paraoxonase and glutathione peroxidase were overexpressed after irradiation in all the organs sampled, suggesting them as universal exposure markers for low-dose radiation. Sialyltransferase may be a candidate for radiation detection in spleen and intestine, which are radiosensitive organs. Because Sod1 (Cu/ZnSOD) and alphaB crystalline were expressed only in spleen, and protein tyrosine kinase and platelet membrane glycoprotein lib were expressed in both spleen and lung, these genes may also be potential ...Continue Reading


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Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis