Mar 1, 1976

Organic acidemias

Clinics in Perinatology
M J Mahoney

Abstract

Inherited organic acidemias are a group of metabolic disorders currently being described and investigated as gas-liquid chromatography is applied to unexplained diseases of infancy and childhood. Common clinical presentations include attacks of ketoacidosis, unexplained metabolic acidosis, failure of normal development, seizures, and other neurologic abnormalities. Hyperglycinemia, hyperammonemia, and hypoglycemia are other laboratory findings frequently present. Diagnosis depends on examination of urine, and sometimes blood, by gas-liquid chromatography to measure concentrations of organic acids and organic acid derivatives. Prognosis in many cases is excellent if diagnosis is made promptly and the metabolic acidosis can be reversed. Recovery from neurologic deficits has frequently been seen. Long-term therapy is generally dependent on restricting precursors of the toxic organic acid which builds up as a consequence of the enzyme deficiency. If there is some enzyme activity retained or if alternate metabolic pathways exist, success with therapy is likely.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Organic acids, Gynecological
Urine
Neurologic Manifestations
Derivatives
Methylmalonic Acid
Valerates
Carmol
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inherited Disorders
Antenatal Screening Procedures
Renal Tubular Acidosis, Type II

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Archives of Medical Research
Moaçir WajnerCarmen Regla-Vargas
Journal of Child Neurology
P T Ozand, G G Gascon
Journal of Neurogenetics
C L GreeneW L Nyhan
Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Kenneth T Kwon, Virginia W Tsai
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved