Jun 24, 2005

Organochlorine pesticides (DDTs and HCHs) in soils from the outskirts of Beijing, China

Chemosphere
Youfeng ZhuXiaobai Xu

Abstract

Concentrations of HCH (hexachlorocyclohexane) and DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) were determined in shallow subsurface (5-30 cm depth) and deep soil layers (150-180 cm depth) from the outskirts of Beijing, China. Concentrations of total HCHs (including alpha, beta, gamma, delta-isomers) and total DDTs (including p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, o,p'-DDT) in shallow subsurface soils ranged from 1.36 to 56.61 ng/g dw (median 5.25 ng/g), and from 0.77 to 2178 ng/g (median 38.66 ng/g), respectively, and those in the deeper layers were approximately an order of magnitude less. The spatial distribution of HCHs and DDTs reflected the known historical usage of these pesticides. No correlation between the concentrations of pesticides and soil organic matter content or clay content can be found. The factors affecting residue levels and compositions of DDT and HCH were discussed. The contour maps of beta/gamma ratios and DDT/DDE ratios for both the shallow subsurface and deep layer soils were drawn.

  • References15
  • Citations72
  • References15
  • Citations72

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Halloysite
Petroleum distillate
DDT (Insecticide)
3-xylene
Vitreous Carbon
Gamma-666
Zea mays
Lindane
Lavinia exilicauda
Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene

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