Ouabain Modulates Zymosan-Induced Peritonitis in Mice

Mediators of Inflammation
Jacqueline Alves LeiteSandra Rodrigues-Mascarenhas


Ouabain, a potent inhibitor of the Na(+), K(+)-ATPase, was identified as an endogenous substance. Recently, ouabain was shown to affect various immunological processes. We have previously demonstrated the ability of ouabain to modulate inflammation, but little is known about the mechanisms involved. Thus, the aim of the present work is to evaluate the immune modulatory role of ouabain on zymosan-induced peritonitis in mice. Our results show that ouabain decreased plasma exudation (33%). After induction of inflammation, OUA treatment led to a 46% reduction in the total number of cells, as a reflex of a decrease of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, which does not appear to be due to cell death. Furthermore, OUA decreased TNF-α (57%) and IL-1β (58%) levels, without interfering with IL-6 and IL-10. Also, in vitro experiments show that ouabain did not affect endocytic capacity. Moreover, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) shows that zymosan treatment increased (85%) NF-κB binding activity and that ouabain reduced (30%) NF-κB binding activity induced by zymosan. Therefore, our data suggest that ouabain modulated acute inflammatory response, reducing the number of cells and cytokines levels in the peritoneal cavity, as well as NF...Continue Reading


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Methods Mentioned

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
flow cytometry

Related Concepts

Cell Survival
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Flow Cytometry
Secondary Peritonitis
Supershift Mobility Assay

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