Jan 1, 1999

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Amsterdam and its surrounding areas: results from the Amsterdam resuscitation study (ARREST) in 'Utstein' style

Reinier A WaalewijnR W Koster


The purpose of this study was to describe the chain of survival in Amsterdam and its surroundings and to suggest areas for improvement. To ensure accurate data, collection was made by research personnel during the resuscitation, according to the Utstein recommendations. Between June 1, 1995 and August 1, 1997 all consecutive cardiac arrests were registered. Patient characteristics, resuscitation characteristics and time intervals were analyzed in relation to survival. From the 1046 arrests with a cardiac etiology and where resuscitation was attempted, 918 cases were not witnessed by EMS personnel. The analysis focussed on these 918 patients of whom 686 (75%) died during resuscitation, 148 (16%) died during hospital admission and 84 patients (9%) survived to hospital discharge. Patient and resuscitation characteristics associated with survival were: age, VF as initial rhythm, witnessed arrest and bystander CPR. EMS arrival time was significantly shorter for survivors (median 9 min) compared to non-survivors (median 11 min). In 151 cases the police was also alerted and arrived 5 min (median) earlier than EMS personnel. Using the OPC/CPC good functional health was observed in 50% of the survivors and moderate performance in 29%. A...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Voluntary Admission
Emergency Care
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Patient Discharge
Police Force
Electroversion Therapy
Cause of Death
Resuscitation Procedure
Cardiac Arrest

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