PMID: 10863064Jun 23, 2000Paper

Outcome of pancreaticoduodenectomy and impact of adjuvant therapy for ampullary carcinomas

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
J H LeeE F Rosato

Abstract

To determine the clinical outcomes and potential impact of adjuvant chemoradiation in patients undergoing surgical resection of ampullary carcinoma. Between 1988 and 1997, 39 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for ampullary adenocarcinomas. Clinical and pathologic factors, adjuvant therapy records, and disease status were obtained from chart review. Thirteen (33%) patients received adjuvant chemoradiation. Radiation therapy was delivered to the surgical bed and regional nodes to a median dose of 4,860 cGy with concurrent bolus or continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil. Outcomes measures included locoregional control, disease-free survival, and overall survival. Univariate analysis was used to assess the impact of various patient- and tumor-related factors and the use of adjuvant therapy. Twenty (51%) patients with tumor invasion into the pancreas (T3) or node-positive disease were classified in a "high-risk" subgroup. After a median follow-up of 45 months for survivors, overall 3-year survival was 55%. Survival was significantly worse for patients with positive nodes (23% vs. 73%, p < 0.001) and high-risk status (30% vs. 80%, p = 0.002). Disease-free survival was 54% at 3 years. There were 3 postoperative deaths, and the...Continue Reading

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