Outcome of reoperative coronary bypass surgery versus coronary angioplasty after previous bypass surgery

Circulation
William S WeintraubJoseph M Craver

Abstract

The immediate and long-term outcomes of reoperative coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) (n = 1561) and catheter-based coronary intervention (angioplasty) (n = 2613) were compared in patients from Emory University Hospitals who had previous CABG. The surgical and angioplasty procedures and statistical methods were standard. Data were collected prospectively and entered into a computerized database. Followup was by letter, telephone, or additional events resulting in readmission. In the angioplasty group, 2.9% required in-hospital CABG. Hospital mortality was 1.2% after angioplasty versus 6.8% after repeat CABG (P < .0001). Recurrent angina was noted frequently at about 4 years and was more common after angioplasty. One-, 5-, and 10-year mortalities were 11%, 24%, and 49% after CABG versus 6%, 22%, and 38% after angioplasty. Survival corrected for baseline differences did not vary with the choice of procedure. There were more additional procedures after angioplasty. Patients undergoing angioplasty may be divided into those with procedures only in native coronary arteries (n = 1545), only in vein grafts (n = 869), and a mixture (n = 199), with respective 10 year survivals of 66%, 56%, and 65% (P < .0001). These patients have a h...Continue Reading

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