Outcomes of Participants with Diabetes in the ISCHEMIA Trials.

Circulation
Jonathan D NewmanDavid J Maron

Abstract

Background: Among patients with diabetes mellitus (diabetes) and chronic coronary disease (CCD), it is unclear if invasive management improves outcomes when added to medical therapy. Methods: The ISCHEMIA Trials (ISCHEMIA and ISCHEMIA CKD) randomized CCD patients to an invasive (medical therapy + angiography and revascularization if feasible) or a conservative approach (medical therapy alone with revascularization if medical therapy failed). Cohorts were combined after no trial-specific effects were observed. Diabetes was defined by history, HbA1c ≥6.5%, or use of glucose-lowering medication. The primary outcome was all-cause death or myocardial infarction (MI). Heterogeneity of effect of invasive management on death or MI was evaluated using a Bayesian approach to protect against random high or low estimates of treatment effect for patients with vs. without diabetes and for diabetes subgroups of clinical (female sex and insulin use) and anatomic features (coronary artery disease [CAD] severity or left ventricular function). Results: Of 5,900 participants with complete baseline data, the median age was 64 years interquartile range (IQR) [57-70], 24% were female, and the median estimated glomerular filtration was 80 ml/min/1.732...Continue Reading

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