May 14, 2020

Outcomes of Randomized Clinical Trials of Interventions to Enhance Social, Emotional, and Spiritual Components of Wisdom: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

JAMA Psychiatry
Ellen E LeeDilip V Jeste


Wisdom is a neurobiological personality trait made up of specific components, including prosocial behaviors, emotional regulation, and spirituality. It is associated with greater well-being and happiness. To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to enhance individual components of wisdom. MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases were searched for articles published through December 31, 2018. Randomized clinical trials that sought to enhance a component of wisdom, used published measures to assess that component, were published in English, had a minimum sample size of 40 participants, and presented data that enabled computation of effect sizes were included in this meta-analysis. Random-effect models were used to calculate pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) for each wisdom component and random-effects meta-regression to assess heterogeneity of studies. Improvement in wisdom component using published measures. Fifty-seven studies (N = 7096 participants) met review criteria: 29 for prosocial behaviors, 13 for emotional regulation, and 15 for spirituality. Study samples included people with psychiatric or physical illnesses and from the community. Of the studies, 27 (47%) reported significant improvement with medium to large e...Continue Reading

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  • References93
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Mentioned in this Paper

Meta Analysis (Statistical Procedure)
Clinical Trials, Randomized
Regression Analysis
Mental Disorders
Personality Traits
Physical Disorders

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