Aug 25, 2009

Overexpression of MHC class I heavy chain protein in young skeletal muscle leads to severe myositis: implications for juvenile myositis

The American Journal of Pathology
Charles K LiL R Wedderburn

Abstract

Folding and transport of proteins, such as major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I, through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is tightly regulated in all cells, including muscle tissue, where the specialized ER sarcoplasmic reticulum is also critical to muscle fiber function. Overexpression of MHC class I protein is a common feature of many muscle pathologies including idiopathic myositis and can induce ER stress. However, there has been no comparison of the consequences of MHC overexpression in muscle at different ages. We have adapted a transgenic model of myositis induced by overexpression of MHC class I protein in skeletal muscle to investigate the effects of this protein overload on young muscle fibers, as compared with adult tissue. We find a markedly more severe disease phenotype in young mice, with rapid onset of muscle weakness and pathology. Gene expression profiling to compare the two models indicates rapid onset of ER stress in young muscle tissue but also that gene expression of key muscle structural proteins is affected more rapidly in young mice than adults after this insult. This novel model has important implications for our understanding of muscle pathology in dermatomyositis of both adults and children.

Mentioned in this Paper

Myoblasts
Muscle Damage
Human Class I Antigens
MYOG wt Allele
Dermatomyositis, Childhood Type
Biochemical Pathway
Microarray Analysis
Autoantibodies
Doxycycline
Necrosis

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.