May 19, 2000

Overexpression of SERCA2b in the heart leads to an increase in sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium transport function and increased cardiac contractility

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
A L GreeneM Periasamy

Abstract

The sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase SERCA2b is an alternate isoform encoded by the SERCA2 gene. SERCA2b is expressed ubiquitously and has a higher Ca(2+) affinity compared with SERCA2a. We made transgenic mice that overexpress the rat SERCA2b cDNA in the heart. SERCA2b mRNA level was approximately approximately 20-fold higher than endogenous SERCA2b mRNA in transgenic hearts. SERCA2b protein was increased 8-10-fold in the heart, whereas SERCA2a mRNA/protein level remained unchanged. Confocal microscopy showed that SERCA2b is localized preferentially around the T-tubules of the SR, whereas SERCA2a isoform is distributed both transversely and longitudinally in the SR membrane. Calcium-dependent calcium uptake measurements showed that the maximal velocity of Ca(2+) uptake was not changed, but the apparent pump affinity for Ca(2+) (K(0.5)) was increased in SERCA2b transgenic mice (0.199 +/- 0.011 micrometer) compared with wild-type control mice (0.269 +/- 0.012 micrometer, p < 0.01). Work-performing heart preparations showed that SERCA2b transgenic hearts had a higher rates of contraction and relaxation, shorter time to peak pressure and half-time for relaxation than wild-type hearts. These data show that SERCA2b is associate...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Heart Beat
Myocardial Contraction
Atp2a2
Ca(2+)-Transporting ATPase
Transverse Tubule of Muscle Cell
ATP2A2 gene
Membrane
Calcium
Transcription, Genetic
Uptake

Related Feeds

ASBMB Publications

The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) includes the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, and the Journal of Lipid Research. Discover the latest research from ASBMB here.