May 19, 2000

Overexpression of SERCA2b in the heart leads to an increase in sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium transport function and increased cardiac contractility

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
A L GreeneM Periasamy


The sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase SERCA2b is an alternate isoform encoded by the SERCA2 gene. SERCA2b is expressed ubiquitously and has a higher Ca(2+) affinity compared with SERCA2a. We made transgenic mice that overexpress the rat SERCA2b cDNA in the heart. SERCA2b mRNA level was approximately approximately 20-fold higher than endogenous SERCA2b mRNA in transgenic hearts. SERCA2b protein was increased 8-10-fold in the heart, whereas SERCA2a mRNA/protein level remained unchanged. Confocal microscopy showed that SERCA2b is localized preferentially around the T-tubules of the SR, whereas SERCA2a isoform is distributed both transversely and longitudinally in the SR membrane. Calcium-dependent calcium uptake measurements showed that the maximal velocity of Ca(2+) uptake was not changed, but the apparent pump affinity for Ca(2+) (K(0.5)) was increased in SERCA2b transgenic mice (0.199 +/- 0.011 micrometer) compared with wild-type control mice (0.269 +/- 0.012 micrometer, p < 0.01). Work-performing heart preparations showed that SERCA2b transgenic hearts had a higher rates of contraction and relaxation, shorter time to peak pressure and half-time for relaxation than wild-type hearts. These data show that SERCA2b is associate...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Heart Beat
Myocardial Contraction
Ca(2+)-Transporting ATPase
Transverse Tubule of Muscle Cell
ATP2A2 gene
Transcription, Genetic

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