Aug 2, 2016

Overlap between dental anxiety, gagging and Blood-Injection-Injury related fears - A spectrum of one multidimensional phenomenon

Physiology & Behavior
G AlmozninoD J Aframian

Abstract

Dental anxiety (DA) and gagging (GAG) are prevalent problems that severely impact social behavior and quality of life. Furthermore, because dental phobia is considered a Blood-Injection-Injury (B-I-I) phobia, the present study contrasted DA, GAG and control subjects regarding the severity of dental anxiety and investigated the comorbidity of GAG, DA and B-I-I fears. Demographics, Verbal Pain Scale (VPS), Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), Decay, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT), Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and response to phobic stimuli were collected from 53 GAG, 68 DA and 80 control subjects. GAGs exhibited results between DA and controls regarding the likelihood to have high-anxiety/phobia (DA group: OR=55.56; GAG group: OR=17.24), self-assessed dental anxiety (OR=29.14; OR=17.48), fear of dental injections (OR=8.51; OR=2.91) and dental drills (OR=12.02; OR=5.82). DA and GAG had similar results regarding: DAS score (p=0.13), fear of blood tests (OR=4.68; OR=4.09) and blood donations (OR=3.13; OR=3.10). Overlap between GAG, DA and a B-I-I fear was observed. GAG and DA patients and worse maximal VPS and OHIP-14 scores retained their significant positive association with the DAS score in the multivariate analysis. The co-oc...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Numeric Pain Scale
Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen 2
Study
Morbidity Aspects
5-hydroxyindalpine
Visual Analog Pain Scale
Tobacco
Glycosaminoglycans
Blood Donation
Dental Pulp

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