Overview of Sodium-Glucose Co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) Inhibitors for the Treatment of Non-diabetic Heart Failure Patients.

Irina BalanYuliia Lomakina


Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome that results from any structural or functional impairment of ventricular filling or ejection of blood, and results in low life quality and expectancy, creating a significant burden on the healthcare system. The pharmacological HF management has remained unchanged for a decade, however, several randomized clinical trials have demonstrated the potential clinical benefits of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors, an antidiabetic agent, by reducing the rate of hospitalizations for HF, cardiovascular death, and all-cause death. The cardioprotective effects are characterized by reduction of inflammatory, metabolic and ionic dyshomeostasis despite the diabetic status. Since the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in May 2020, SGLT2 inhibitors have been used mostly in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). In this review article, we provide a comprehensive overview of the potential benefits, effectiveness, and safety profile of SGLT2 inhibitors used in HF patients with no history of diabetes mellitus.

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