Oct 10, 1976

Oxidation of p-cresol by horseradish peroxidase compound I

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
W D Hewson, H B Dunford

Abstract

Rate constants for the reaction between horseradish peroxidase compound I and p-cresol have been determined at several values of pH between 2.98 and 10.81. These rate constants were used to construct a log (rate) versus pH profile from which it is readily seen that the most reactive form of the enzyme is its most basic form within this pH range so that base catalysis is occurring. At the maximum rate a second order rate constant of (5.1 +/- 0.3) x 10(-7) M-1 s-1 at 25 degrees is obtained. The activation energy of the reaction at the maximum rate was determined from an Arrhenius plot to be 5.0 +/- 0.5 kcal/mol. Evidence for an exception to the generally accepted enzymatic cycle of horseradish peroxidase is presented. One-half molar equivalent of p-cresol can convert compound I quantitatively to compound II at high pH, whereas usually this step requires 1 molar equivalent of reductant. The stoichiometry of this reaction is pH-dependent.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ovoperoxidase
Alpha-Peroxidase
Horseradish peroxidase compound I
Oxidation
4-cresol
Molar Tooth
Cresols
PH Profile Measurement
Oxidation-Reduction
Horseradish Peroxidase

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