Oxidative metabolism of linoleic acid by human leukocytes

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
O ReinaudD Mansuy

Abstract

Upon incubation with human leukocytes, [1-14C] linoleic acid is almost exclusively transformed into 13-hydroxy-9Z, 11E-octadecadienoic acid (13-HODE) if the linoleic acid concentration is lower than 50 microM. Identification of 13-HODE was done by GLC-MS at the level of its methyl ester, trimethylsilyl ether and by comparison with authentic 13-HODE in two different HPLC systems. Analysis of the products by chiral phase HPLC shows that 13(S)-hydroxy-9Z, 11E-octadecadienoic acid is by far the major metabolite formed by human leukocytes. Comparison of reactions performed with intact or lyzed cells suggests that the formation of 13(S)-HODE by human leukocytes occurs in two steps, a dioxygenation catalyzed by a 15-lipoxygenase and a reduction of intermediate 13-HPODE by a glutathione-dependent peroxidase.

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