Jul 1, 1982

Oxygen affinity and Bohr coefficients of dog blood

Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
R B ReevesA J Olszowka

Abstract

Complete dynamic oxygen equilibrium curves (O2EC) on dog whole blood were measured at 25 and 39 degrees C using a spectrophotometric micro blood film technique. O2EC were run at three CO2 levels (2, 4, and 8%) for each of three base excess levels (-10, 0, +10 meq/l). The standard curve (ph 7.4) was determined for saturations 0-0.98. At 39 degrees C the standard curve O2 pressure at half-saturation (P50) was 31.5 Torr; fixed-acid Bohr factor, -0.488; CO2 Bohr factor, -0.498; delta log P50/delta log PCO2, -0.0045. CO2 Bohr slope was linear over the pH range of 7-8. Bohr factors were not significantly saturation dependent. At 25 degrees C P50 was 15.4 Torr and CO2 Bohr factor, -0.647. The temperature coefficient (delta log P50/delta T) equaled 0.022. Dog O2EC were shown with curve-fitting techniques to be isomorphic with human blood O2EC. The absence of significant oxylabile carbamate formation in dog red blood cells (RBC) was attributed to high 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG) concentrations, 6.23 mM/l RBC, equal to a DPG/Hb4 ratio of 1.12. A simple two-constant equation S = [(37,900)/(P3 + 205P) + 1]-1, where S is saturation and P is oxygen tension, was found to fit the dog 39 degrees C standard curve.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Dioxygen
Whole Blood
Base Excess Measurement
Carbamates
Red blood cells, blood product
Oxygen Measurement, Partial Pressure, Arterial
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration Determination
Oxygen Affinity
2,3-Diphosphoglycerate, (D)-Isomer
Diphosphoglyceric Acids

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