Oxygen Sensing and Viral Replication: Implications for Tropism and Pathogenesis.

Viruses
Peter Jianrui LiuMirjam Schilling

Abstract

The ability to detect and respond to varying oxygen tension is an essential prerequisite to life. Several mechanisms regulate the cellular response to oxygen including the prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD)/factor inhibiting HIF (FIH)-hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) pathway, cysteamine (2-aminoethanethiol) dioxygenase (ADO) system, and the lysine-specific demethylases (KDM) 5A and KDM6A. Using a systems-based approach we discuss the literature on oxygen sensing pathways in the context of virus replication in different tissues that experience variable oxygen tension. Current information supports a model where the PHD-HIF pathway enhances the replication of viruses infecting tissues under low oxygen, however, the reverse is true for viruses with a selective tropism for higher oxygen environments. Differences in oxygen tension and associated HIF signaling may play an important role in viral tropism and pathogenesis. Thus, pharmaceutical agents that modulate HIF activity could provide novel treatment options for viral infections and associated pathological conditions.

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Citations

Apr 9, 2021·JCI Insight·Richard HuangMichael Ohh
Apr 7, 2021·Journal of Hepatology·Wolfram Gerlich
May 22, 2021·International Immunopharmacology·Salvatore ChirumboloSergio Pandolfi

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
single cell sequencing
biopsies
transgenic
nuclear translocation
bronchoalveolar lavage
xenograft

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