Jun 1, 1976

Oxygen transport in congenital heart disease: influence of fetal hemoglobin, red cell pH, and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate

Pediatric Research
H T VersmoldK P Riegel


In 48 individuals (age 1 day to 13 years) with congenital heart disease, blood oxygen transport function was studied in order to evaluate adaptive changes in shunt hypoxemia and to investigate the in vivo regulation of erythrocyte 2, 3-diphosphoglycerate concentration (RBC 2, 3-DPG) in the presence of fetal hemoglobin (HbF). Arterial pO2 and oxygen content, oxygen capacity, acid base status, oxygen affinity, HbF fraction, plasma pH, red cell pH, and RBC 2, 3-DPG were determined. During the first 50 days of life values of standard P50 (stdP50) (37, pH 7.4), actual in vivo P50 (actP50), RBC 2, 3-DPG, O2 capacity, arterial plasma pH, and red cell pH were scattered around the normal range, although tending to low values for stdP50 and arterial plasma pH and to high values for O2 capacity. After the third month, stdP50 actP50, RBC 2, 3-DPG, O2 capacity, and red cell pH were found to be elevated. Plasma pH and actP50 were scattered around the normal range (Figs. 1 and 2). Intraerythrocytic pH in hypoxemic infants was increased compared with normal children when related to plasma pH (Fig. 3). A close to normal intraerythrocytic pH was therefore found in the hypoxemic infants with low plasma pH, and an increased intraerythrocytic pH in...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fetal Hemoglobin
Biological Adaptation
Congenital Heart Defects
Diphosphoglyceric Acids
Carbon Dioxide
Heart Diseases

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