Aug 28, 2003

Packaging of brome mosaic virus RNA3 is mediated through a bipartite signal

Journal of Virology
Yoon Gi Choi, A L N Rao

Abstract

The three genomic and a single subgenomic RNA of brome mosaic virus (BMV), an RNA virus infecting plants, are packaged by a single-coat protein (CP) into three morphologically indistinguishable icosahedral virions with T = 3 quasi-symmetry. Genomic RNAs 1 and 2 are packaged individually into separate particles whereas genomic RNA3 and subgenomic RNA4 (coat protein mRNA) are copackaged into a single particle. We report here that packaging of dicistronic RNA3 requires a bipartite signal. A highly conserved 3' tRNA-like structure postulated to function as a nucleating element (NE) for CP subunits (Y. G. Choi, T. W. Dreher, and A. L. N. Rao, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:655-660, 2002) and a cis-acting, position-dependent packaging element (PE) of 187 nt present in the nonstructural movement protein gene are the integral components of the packaging core. Efficient incorporation into BMV virions of nonviral RNA chimeras containing NE and the PE provides confirmatory evidence that these two elements are sufficient to direct packaging. Analysis of virion RNA profiles obtained from barley protoplasts transfected with a RNA3 variant lacking the PE provides the first genetic evidence that de novo synthesized RNA4 is incompetent for auton...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Positioning Attribute
Transfection
Activated T Cell Autonomous Cell Death
Pulmonary Embolism
Genome
RNA Viruses
Virion
MT-TA gene
Gene Products, Protein
Chimera Organism

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