May 17, 2001

Palliative treatment in patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma: results of endoscopic drainage in patients with type III and IV hilar cholangiocarcinoma

The European Journal of Surgery = Acta Chirurgica
M F GerhardsD J Gouma


To find out how patients fared after palliative endoscopic biliary drainage for inoperable hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Retrospective study. University hospital, the Netherlands. Between 1992 and 1999, 41 patients who were referred for resection had tumours that were considered unresectable after additional investigations, including an exploratory laparotomy in 16 patients. In all patients, biliary drainage was established by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) and insertion of endoprostheses. Twelve patients also had percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). The patients who did not have an exploratory laparotomy had fewer complications (1/25) than those who had explorations (4/16). All patients in both groups had one or more long-term complications during follow-up, of which cholangitis, jaundice, and abdominal pain were the most often recorded. In 32 patients, endoprostheses had to be replaced, a mean of 4 times. Median survival was 9 months, with no significant difference between the groups (8 and 11 months). Adjuvant radiotherapy had no influence on survival. The patients in this series had relatively long survival times, during which they had a substantial number of complications predominantly related to bi...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations12


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations12


Mentioned in this Paper

Endoscopy (Procedure)
Yellow Skin or Eyes (Symptom)
Immunologic Adjuvants
Abdominal Pain
Retrograde Degeneration
Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.