Pancreatic radiation effect in apoptosis-related rectal radiation toxicity

Journal of Radiation Research
Sei Hwan YouChang Geol Lee


Pancreatic radiation effect (PRE) can be a component of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) radiotoxicity. This inter-organ correlation between the GIT and the pancreas was assessed through a rat model. Separate local irradiation to the abdomen and the pelvis was applied concurrently for 8-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats. Abdominal irradiation was categorized into pancreatic shield (PS) and non-pancreatic shield (NPS) irradiation. After 5 Gy and 15 Gy irradiation, the rectal mucosa was analyzed at the first week (early phase, Ep) and the 14th week (late phase, Lp). A slow gain in body weight was observed initially, particularly in the NPS group receiving a 15 Gy dose (P < 0.001). The large number of apoptotic bodies after 15 Gy at Ep decreased at Lp. At Ep for the 5-Gy group, the NPS group revealed more fibrotic change than the PS group (P = 0.002). Cleaved caspase-3 (CCP3) expression was greater at Lp, and the Ep-Lp increase was prominent in the NPS-15-Gy group (P = 0.010). At Lp, for 15 Gy irradiation, CCP3 was expressed more in the NPS group than in the PS group (P = 0.032). Despite no direct toxicity difference between the PS and NPS groups, small changes in parameters such as fibrosis or CCP3 expression suggest that pancreatic ...Continue Reading


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Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis

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