Pandemic H1N1 (2009) and renal failure: the experience of the Irish national tertiary referral centre

Irish Journal of Medical Science
F J O BrienP J Conlon

Abstract

H1N1 influenza A, was first described in April 2009. A significant cohort of patients from this outbreak developed acute respiratory distress syndrome or pneumonia. H1N1 has since been transmitted across the world. Little has been described on the renal complications of this illness. A retrospective review of all patients admitted to our institution with H1N1 infection was carried out from July to November 2009. Renal biochemistry, need for renal replacement therapy and hospital outcome was recorded. Thirty-four patients with H1N1 were admitted. Average length of admission was 10 days (3-84). Eleven patients (32%) developed acute kidney injury (AKI) as defined by the RIFLE criteria (creatinine range 120-610). Four patients required renal replacement therapy, for a range of 10-52 days. Seven patients developed AKI that responded to volume resuscitation. The commonest cause of AKI was sepsis with acute tubular necrosis. This study highlights the significance and frequency of renal complications associated with this illness.

References

Aug 18, 2004·Critical Care : the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum·Rinaldo BellomoUNKNOWN Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative workgroup
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Citations

Feb 24, 2011·Critical Care : the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum·Ignacio Martin-LoechesUNKNOWN H1N1 SEMICYUC Working Group
Oct 16, 2012·European Journal of Pediatrics·Toru Watanabe

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
PCR

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