Paradoxical evidence integration in rapid decision processes

PLoS Computational Biology
Johannes RüterMichael H Herzog

Abstract

Decisions about noisy stimuli require evidence integration over time. Traditionally, evidence integration and decision making are described as a one-stage process: a decision is made when evidence for the presence of a stimulus crosses a threshold. Here, we show that one-stage models cannot explain psychophysical experiments on feature fusion, where two visual stimuli are presented in rapid succession. Paradoxically, the second stimulus biases decisions more strongly than the first one, contrary to predictions of one-stage models and intuition. We present a two-stage model where sensory information is integrated and buffered before it is fed into a drift diffusion process. The model is tested in a series of psychophysical experiments and explains both accuracy and reaction time distributions.

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Citations

Jan 26, 2013·PloS One·Johannes RüterMichael H Herzog
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Jul 10, 2019·Journal of Vision·Julie FreschlErik Blaser
Oct 28, 2019·Nature Communications·Leila Drissi-DaoudiMichael H Herzog

Related Concepts

Decision Making, Shared
Diffusion
Discrimination (Process of Differentiation)
Reaction Time
Computer Programs and Programming
Intraobserver Variation
Computational Molecular Biology
Membrane Fusion
Decision
Research Study

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