Jul 22, 2006

Parallel declines in pollinators and insect-pollinated plants in Britain and the Netherlands

Science
Jacobus C BiesmeijerW E Kunin

Abstract

Despite widespread concern about declines in pollination services, little is known about the patterns of change in most pollinator assemblages. By studying bee and hoverfly assemblages in Britain and the Netherlands, we found evidence of declines (pre-versus post-1980) in local bee diversity in both countries; however, divergent trends were observed in hoverflies. Depending on the assemblage and location, pollinator declines were most frequent in habitat and flower specialists, in univoltine species, and/or in nonmigrants. In conjunction with this evidence, outcrossing plant species that are reliant on the declining pollinators have themselves declined relative to other plant species. Taken together, these findings strongly suggest a causal connection between local extinctions of functionally linked plant and pollinator species.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Plant Carpals
Animal Migration
Apidae
Diptera
Biodiversity
Pollination
Insect Extract
Impacts, Environmental
Insecta
Male Gametophytes

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