Mar 27, 2009

Parasympathetic regulation of heart rate in rats after 5/6 nephrectomy is impaired despite functionally intact cardiac vagal innervation

Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
Jitka KuncováMilan Stengl

Abstract

Chronic renal failure is frequently associated with a high risk of sudden cardiac death due to dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. The pathogenic mechanisms underlying the parasympathetic cardiac dysautonomia are not fully elucidated yet. Chronic renal failure was induced in rats by 5/6 nephrectomy. Blood pressure, resting heart rate and plasma levels of creatinine, urea and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were measured. To characterize the parasympathetic innervation of the heart, chronotropic responses to atropine, metipranolol and to vagal stimulation in the absence or presence of ADMA were investigated in vivo. In vitro, chronotropic and inotropic effects of carbachol and ADMA and mRNA expression of muscarinic M2 receptors, high affinity choline transporter (CHT1), vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were assessed in the isolated cardiac tissues. In 5/6 nephrectomy rats, the resting heart rate was significantly higher and the parasympathetic tone, measured as the effect of atropine after administration of metipranolol was significantly lower than in control animals. Plasma ADMA levels were significantly elevated in the uraemic rats and significantly inversely correlat...Continue Reading

  • References47
  • Citations12

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Autonomic Nervous System Disorders
Entire Autonomic Nervous System
Creatinine
Choline transporter
N,N-dimethylarginine
Carboptic
Pathogenic Organism
Vagal Stimulation
Muscle Innervation, Function
Acute Cholinergic Dysautonomia

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.