PMID: 590295Oct 1, 1977

Paroxysmal reciprocating sinus tachycardia

European Journal of Cardiology
P CurryD Krikler

Abstract

We present clinical and electrophysiological data on 9 patients with paroxysmal reciprocating sinus tachycardia (PRST) of whom only 6 described palpitations. Sinus node disease was present in 5 and cardiac ischemia and/or hypertension in another 3; the remaining case had apparently coincidental Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. PRST could be initiated in all cases, and terminated in the 4 in whom it was sustained, by suitably timed atrial premature beats over a zone that was dependent on the effective atrial extrastimulus coupling interval (A1-A2) in the high right atrium (HRA). The sequence of atrial depolarization during PRST was similar to that of sinus beats although minor changes in both the P wave and the configuration of the HRA electrogram were observed in half the cases. During paroxysms, cycle length variation and sensitivity to alterations in vagal tone were common. In 6, paroxysms could be initiated by moderately rapid atrial pacing. Repetitive attacks were usually initiated by increases in the sinus rate and not be an antecedent premature atrial extrasystole. Verapamil suppressed sinus node reentry in 5 patients while small doses of atropine favored initiation in 3. PRST was seen in association with AV reentry ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Sinus Arrhythmia
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Coronary Heart Disease
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Hypertensive Disease
Paroxysmal Reciprocal Tachycardia
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

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