PMID: 10295Oct 25, 1976

Partial purification and characterization of a triglyceride lipase from pig adipose tissue.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
S MatsumuraY Nishizuka

Abstract

A triglyceride lipase was extracted from defatted pig adipose tissue powder with dilute ammonia and purified about 230-fold by a combination of ammonium sulfate fractionation, heparin-Sepharose 4B, DEAE-cellulose, and Sephadex G-150 column chromatographies and isoelectrofocusing electrophoresis. The enzyme was distinguishable in physical and kinetic properties from the two previously defined lipases in adipose tissue, lipoprotein lipase, and hormone-sensitive lipase. The purified enzyme was fully active in the absence of serum lipoprotein and was not stimulated by adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase. In marked contrast to the already defined lipases, the enzyme was strongly inhibited by serum albumin. The enzyme had a molecular weigt of about 43,000, a pI of 5.2, and pH optimum of 7.0. The enzyme hydrolyzed triolein to oleic acid and glycerol, and did not exhibit esterase activity. The apparent Km for triolein was 0.05 mM. Physiological roles of this new species of lipase remained to be explored.

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