Jan 23, 1976

Partial purification and properties of a chromatin-associated phosphoprotein kinase from rat liver nuclei

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
L E Rikans, R W Ruddon


A phosphoprotein kinase (EC KIVb, from rat liver nuclei, was purified 75-fold by phosphocellulose chromatography and gel filtration on Sephadex G-200. The enzyme, which has an apparent molecular weight of 55 000, phosphorylates casein and chromatin-bound nonhistone proteins more readily than histones or ribosomal proteins. It exhibits an absolute requirement for divalent cation with optimum activity at 15--20 mM Mg2+. Maximal kinase activity is achieved at 100 mM NaCl. The pH vs. activity curve is biphasic with optima at pH 6.5 and pH 8.0. The Km value for casein is 280 mug/ml and the Km for ATP is 6-10(-6) M. Kinase KIVb phosphorylates numerous nonhistone nuclear proteins as shown by electrophoretic analysis. The addition of kinase KIVb to reaction mixtures containing nonhistone proteins results in the phosphorylation of a spectrum of polypeptides similar to those that are phosphorylated by endogenous nuclear kinases. Nonhistone proteins bound to chromatin appear to be better substrates for KIVb than nonhistones dissociated from chromatin. A comparison of nuclear phosphoproteins phosphorylated either in the intact animal or in vitro (by the addition of kinase KIVb) indicates some differences and some similarities in ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Sephadex G 200
Cations, Divalent
Nuclear Proteins
Ribosomal Proteins
LIM Domain Kinase 1
Protein Phosphorylation
Cell Nucleus

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