PMID: 549187Mar 1, 1979

Participation of immunoglobulin and the alternative complement pathway in opsonization of Bacteroides fragilis and Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron

Reviews of Infectious Diseases
A B Bjornson, H S Bjornson


Studies were conducted to determine the requirements for immunoglobulin and complement in opsonization of Bacteroides fragilis and Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron. The ability of human sera depleted of immunoglobulin or of components of complement to promote the phagocytosis and intracellular killing of the two strains of Bacteroides by human leukocytes was measured in vitro under anaerobic conditions. Neither hypogammaglobulinemic sera nor pooled normal human serum that was heated at 56 C for 30 min supported phagocytosis and killing of the two strains of Bacteroides. Neither sera depleted of terminal complement components by treatment with inulin or cobra venom factor nor human serum deficient in C8 supported phagocytosis of the tested strains. In addition, pooled normal human serum depleted of C3, factor B, or factor D did not support phagocytosis of either strain. Dose-dependent restoration of the opsonic activity of factor B-depleted serum was accomplished by purified human factor B but not by human C2. The results indicate that immunoglobulin and components of the alternative comed in this study.

Related Concepts

Bacteroides fragilis
Complement Activation
Complement Pathway, Alternative
Cavia porcellus

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