Jan 1, 1977

Partition distribution of insecticides as a critical factor affecting their rates of absorption from water and relative toxicities to fish

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
C F Yang, Y P Sun

Abstract

Loaches, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cantor), a common fish in Taiwan, were treated with DDT, dieldrin, and monocrotophos by continuous exposure in aqueous solutions (or suspensions) and by injection. DDT and dieldrin were 150 and 220 times more toxic, respectively, than monocrotophos, to the fish exposed in aqueous solutions (24-hr LC50), but only 1/9 and 1/4 as toxic as monocrotophos by injection (24-hr LD50). Results of GLC analyses indicate that, at the end of 24-hr exposure, 96.5% of DDT, 92.7% of dieldrin, and 14.3% of monocrotophos were absorbed by loaches from aqueous solutions. The initial rates of absorption for DDT and dieldrin were about 10 to 20 times faster than that for monocrotophos. The large differences in relative toxicity may be due to partition distribution which in turn caused differences in absorption, as DDT and dieldrin are lipophilic and monocrotophos is hydrophilic. Statistical analysis of the relationship between fish toxicities and partition coefficients supports the present finding. The coefficient of correlation is 0.70 between parition coefficients (benzene/water) and toxicities to fish (rainbow trout) of 12 organophosphorus insecticides, 0.74 between coefficients and corrected fish toxicities, a...Continue Reading

  • References6
  • Citations7

Mentioned in this Paper

n-hexane
Alvit-55
DDT (Insecticide)
Loaches
Process of Absorption
Benzene
Nuvacron
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus
Lethal Dose 50
Chromatography, Gas-Liquid

About this Paper

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