PMID: 23117Nov 15, 1977

Passive ion permeability of the chromaffin-granule membrane

The Biochemical Journal
J H Phillips

Abstract

'Ghosts' of bovine chromaffin granules, in which the complex mixture of proteins and solutes normally found in the granule matrix is replaced by buffered sucrose are osmotically sensitive. They shrink when the osmotic pressure of the suspension medium is increased, and swell if solute entry is facilitated by the addition of ionophores. Swelling in the presence of ionophores has been used to investigate the passive ion permeability of these membranes. They have a very low permeability to K+ ions (of the order of 10(-10) cm/s); their permeability to protons, Na+ and choline ions is too low to be detected by these methods. Their passive permeability to anions decreases in the order: CNS- greater than I- greater than CCl3CO2- greater than Br- greater than Cl- greater than SO4(2)- greater than CH3CO2-, HCO3-, F-, PO4(3)- the permeability to hiocyanate being of the order of 10(-7) cm/s. Coupled proton and anion entry is extremely slow, except for weak acids. Fluoride, unexpectedly, also appears to enter rapidly when proton/K+ exchange is facilitated by nigericin. In the presence of K+ salts, nigericin, like valinomycin, induces lysis of intact granules, an effect that is not dependent on the presence of a permeant anion, but is depen...Continue Reading

Citations

Jul 1, 1979·Journal of Neurochemistry·C A Carvalho, A P Carvalho
Jan 1, 1987·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·J D CastleG Rudnick
Jan 10, 2012·Cell Calcium·Ricardo BorgesJosé David Machado
Aug 30, 2006·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Sébastien TremblayDylan M Jones

Related Concepts

Bos indicus
Chromaffin Granule
Chromaffin System
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Ionophores
Ions
Pandavir
Osmosis
Permeability
Potassium

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