PMID: 8072900Apr 1, 1994Paper

Past obstetric history and risk of perinatal death in Jamaica

Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
R GreenwoodD Ashley


Singleton survivors born to multigravidae in the whole island of Jamaica in 2 months (September-October 1986) were compared with singleton perinatal deaths occurring to multigravidae throughout the island in the 12-month period September 1986 to August 1987. Past obstetric history was obtained from the mothers using a structured questionnaire. Deaths were categorised using the Wigglesworth classification. Logistic regression was used to compare current outcomes in women who had had at least one previous pregnancy. Antepartum fetal deaths with (1) outcome of last pregnancy; (2) previous Caesarean section; (3) previous stillbirth; and (4) increasing gravidity. In the presence of these factors maternal age ceased to be statistically significant. Deaths from immaturity were strongly associated with the past obstetric history, with increased risks for pregnancies to mothers with a history of previous miscarriage, perinatal death and premature live births. In general, however, the higher the gravidity the lower the risk. In the presence of these factors, maternal age showed no significant association. Intrapartum asphyxia was also associated with the outcome of the last pregnancy, history of prior stillbirth or neonatal death. First ...Continue Reading


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