Pathogen and host genotype differently affect pathogen fitness through their effects on different life-history stages

BMC Evolutionary Biology
Emily BrunsGeorgiana May

Abstract

Adaptation of pathogens to their hosts depends critically on factors affecting pathogen reproductive rate. While pathogen reproduction is the end result of an intricate interaction between host and pathogen, the relative contributions of host and pathogen genotype to variation in pathogen life history within the host are not well understood. Untangling these contributions allows us to identify traits with sufficient genetic variation for selection to act and to identify mechanisms of coevolution between pathogens and their hosts. We investigated the effects of pathogen and host genotype on three life-history components of pathogen fitness; infection efficiency, latent period, and sporulation capacity, in the oat crown rust fungus, Puccinia coronata f.sp. avenae, as it infects oats (Avena sativa). We show that both pathogen and host genotype significantly affect total spore production but do so through their effects on different life-history stages. Pathogen genotype has the strongest effect on the early stage of infection efficiency, while host genotype most strongly affects the later life-history stages of latent period and sporulation capacity. In addition, host genotype affected the relationship between pathogen density and ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Pathogenicity
Sporulation
Pathogenic Organism
Conidia
Reproduction Spores
Oats preparation
Host-Pathogen Interactions
Genetic Fitness
Plant spore
Avena sativa antigen

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