May 31, 2016

Pathogenesis and neuroimaging of cerebral large and small vessel disease in type 2 diabetes: A possible link between cerebral and retinal microvascular abnormalities

Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Toshitaka UmemuraNigishi Hotta

Abstract

Diabetes patients have more than double the risk of ischemic stroke compared with non-diabetic individuals, and its neuroimaging characteristics have important clinical implications. To understand the pathophysiology of ischemic stroke in diabetes, it is important to focus not only on the stroke subtype, but also on the size and location of the occlusive vessels. Specifically, ischemic stroke in diabetes patients might be attributed to both large and small vessels, and intracranial internal carotid artery disease and small infarcts of the posterior circulation often occur. An additional feature is that asymptomatic lacunar infarctions are often seen in the basal ganglia and brain stem on brain magnetic resonance imaging. In particular, cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), including lacunar infarctions, white matter lesions and cerebral microbleeds, has been shown to be associated not only with stroke incidence, but also with the development and progression of dementia and diabetic microangiopathy. However, the pathogenesis of cerebral SVD is not fully understood. In addition, data on the association between neuroimaging findings of the cerebral SVD and diabetes are limited. Recently, the clinical importance of the link between ...Continue Reading

  • References116
  • Citations15

References

  • References116
  • Citations15

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemic Cerebrovascular Accident
Microvascular Network
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Pathogenic Aspects
Size
Pathogenesis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Blood Vessel
KCNJ13
Brain

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